Thursday, August 21, 2008

Solat Sunat Tahajjud


Amalan solat sunat yang paling utama di sisi Islam ialah solat tahajjud. Sabda Nabi saw:

أفضل الصيام بعد رمضان ثهر الله المحرم وأفضل الصلاة بعد الفريضة صلاة الليل

“Puasa paling utama selepas Ramadan ialah puasa(sunat) pada bulan Allah iaitu Muharram. Sedangkan solat paling utama selepas solat fardu ialah solat malam (tahajjud)”. (Sahih Muslim, Kitab al-Syiam no.1163)

Solat tahajjud ialah solat sunat pada waktu malam selepas Isyak –sebelum masuk Subuh. Namun, waktu paling utama bertahajjud ialah 1/3 malam terakhir (kira-kira 3.00 pagi – masuk Subuh). Solat ini biasanya diganding dengan solat sunat witir sebagai penutup.

Dalil disyariatkan tahajjud ialah firman Allah swt :

ومن الليل فتهجد به نافلة لك عسى أن يبعثك ربك مقاما محمودا

“dan bangunlah pada sebahagian malam serta kerjakanlah tahajjud di waktu itu sebagai solat tambahan semoga Tuhanmu membangkit & menempatkanmu pada hari akhirat di tempat terpuji”. (al-Isra’: 79)

Dalil lebih utama dibuat 1/3 malam ialah sabda Nabi saw:

ينزل ربنا تبارك وتعالى كل ليلة لى السماء الدنيا حين يبقى ثلث الليل الآخر.يقول : من يدعونى فأستجيب له من يسألنى فأعطيه من يستغفرنى فأغفر له

“Tuhan kita Tabaraka waTaala turun setiap malam ke langit dunia ketika masih berbaki 1/3 malam yang akhir. Allah berfirman : sesiapa berdoa kepada-Ku, pasti Aku makbulkannya , sesiapa meminta kepada-Ku, pasti Aku memberinya , sesiapa mohon ampun kepada-Ku, pasti Aku ampuninya”. (Sahih Bukhari, Kitab at-Tahajjud no. 1145)


CARA SOLAT SUNAT TAHAJJUD


- Boleh dilakukan 2 rakaat tanpa had tertentu. Malah, solat sunat witir 1 rakaat juga dikira tahajjud. (Sahih Bukhari, Kitab at-Tahajjud no. 1137)

- Jumlah paling utama ialah tak lebih 11 atau 13 rakaat kerana itulah amlan Nabi saw. (Sahih Muslim, Kitab Solat al-Musafir wa Qasruha no. 736 & Sahih Bukhari, Kitab at-Tahajjud no. 1140)

Boleh juga dibuat 4 rakaat, 4 rakaat kemudian witir 3 rakaat (Sahih Bukhari, Kitab at-Tahajjud no. 1147). Samada 2 tahiyat 1 salam atau 4 rakaat sekaligus 1 salam. Jika solat 4 rakaat 1 salam, setiap rakaat hendaklah dibaca surah atau ayat al-Quran sesudah al-Fatihah.

SUNNAH TAHAJJUD

- Niat sebelum tidur hendak solat sunat itu. Jika sudah berniat tapi tak bangun, Allah tetap kurniakan pahala tahajjud. (Sunan Nasaie, Kitab Qiyam al-Lail no. 1763)

- Hilangkan mengantuk dengan bersugi & berdoa:

لا له لا الله وحده لا شريك له.له الملك وله الحمد وهو على كل شئ قدير. الحمدلله وسبحان الله ولا له لا الله والله أكبر ولا حول ولا قوة لا بالله

Kemudian ucapkan :

اللهم اغفرلى

(Sahih Bukhari, Kitab at-Tahajjud no.1154)

Atau baca 10 ayat terakhir surah Ali Imran. (Sahih Muslim, Kitab Solat al-Musafir Wa Qasruha no. 763)

- Mengerjakan solat 2 rakaat yang ringan sebelum bertahajjud. (Sahih Muslim, Kitab Solat al-Musafir Wa Qasruha no. 768 & Fath Bari, al-Hafiz Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani jld 6 m/s273)

- Solat ini lebih utama dilakukan di rumah sendiri bukan di masjid kerana Nabi saw biasa melakukannya di rumah. (Sahih Muslim, Kitab Solat al-Musafir Wa Qasruha no. 781)

- Mengejutkan ahli keluarga untuk turut bertahajjud bersama. (Sunan Nasaie, Kitab Qiyam al-Lail no. 1592)

- Memanjangkan berdiri dengan membaca surah panjang & melamakan sujud. (Sahih Muslim, Kitab Solat al-Musafir wa Qasruha no. 756 – Sahih Bukhari

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